About BPC, Key information:
The Government of Bangladesh in its Export policy 2003-2006 recognized formation of sector/ production-based business promotion Councils (hereinafter mentioned as 'Council') for export promotion and diversification through addressing problems related to capacities of the industry in particulars. The need for forming a Council for Fishery Products /sector has been felt by the industry and the others stakeholders. This has received additional priority sector in the Export policy 2003-2006. Thus the imitative spearheaded by the ministry of Commerce (MOC) took particular shape with the formation of a committee headed by it's the than joint secretary (export) to draft memorandum of Association (MOU) and Article of Association (AOA), and a work plan for immediate implementation. The Committee members included representatives from leading industry associations, related Ministry, and Export Promotion Bureau etc.

Vision of the Council:

Development of fishery products, improving the quality through addressing problems associated with compliance by creating a traceability system through the value chain, human resource development and expanding the export market.

Sector Profile - Bangladesh, Current Status of Fishery Product Industry in Bangladesh:
Bangladesh is nestled in the crook of the Bay of Bengal, sharing borders with India and Myanmar. It is a country of about 144,000 S. km, including rivers and inland water bodies occupying 6.7% of the country's landmass. Except for the hill tract regions, the country is largely flat and dominated by the braided strands of the three mighty Himalayan rivers the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna. Bangladesh is actually rich in inland water resources where there is 4.57 million hectare inland water area including rivers, canals, beels, baors, haors, flood plants and ox-bow lakes. At present 0.21 million hectares are under brackish water which is very much suitable for shrimp farming. Fish provide over 63% of the total animal protein supply and 50% of calcium intake in Bangladesh. Shrimp culture is of central importance to the fisheries sector in Bangladesh particularly in the contest of export earning.

Fish and Fishery Products have been playing an important role in the socio-economic condition of Bangladesh. This sector is contributing 4.25% to the GDP along with the 2nd highest export earning and offering employment opportunity to about 1.2 million of the total population. The fisheries export earning in 2010-2011 recorded US$ 624.04 million. Second only to garments as a foreign exchange earner, the fisheries contributed over 63% to the total export earning from all agro-based primary commodities including raw jute, tea, and vegetables. This sector also supports large varieties of ancillary industries.
  • Shrimp processing plant
  • Feed milks Ice plants
  • Hatcheries, Culture
  • Net factories, home-based
  • Bamboo screen, mat, baskets
  • Rickshaw van, tempo, boat
Shrimp is a major export commodity of Bangladesh. It contributes about 85% of the total export of fish & fish products. Per hectare production of shrimp in the country is about 160-230 kg/ha. There are about 260 species of fresh water and 475 marine water fish species. It has also 36 species of marine and 26 species of fresh water shrimps. The country is exporting shrimp and fish products in the International market since its independence in 1971.

The shrimp farming area in 2010-2011 covered about 2,22,000 ha; of this marine shrimp farms occupied 170,000 ha; and freshwater shrimp 52,000 ha. More than 20 districts and 52 Upazilas are now involved in shrimp farming. There are over 60 large to medium size marine shrimp hatcheries and 80 freshwater prawn hatcheries mostly small. Depots for gathering shrimp at the field level number around 8,000. At present, there are 75 feed factories in operation and 20 more in pipeline. Most of these are producing both poultry and fish feeds which only 10 feed mills exclusively producing fish and shrimp feeds. Besides, there are a large number of feed factories using crude machinery and technology, the number of ice plants servicing the shrimp industry is large, but their accurate number is not known. Thus far, 145 shrimp processing plants have been established, but 96 factories have government licenses, only 76 plants have secured EU approval and 44 plants are USFDA Green ticketed.

Frozen fish, shrimp and other fish products have occupied 2nd position in the list of exportable commodities in Bangladesh. Major exportable items are block shrimp, IQF shrimp, fish, fish-fillet, salted and dehydrated fish and other fish products including fish maws, shark fins etc. Bangladesh has been exporting fish and fish products all over the world for the last few decades. There are 65 fish processing plants registered with European Union having annual capacity of about 0.32 million mt. At present only about 20% -25% of installed capacity is being used by these plants. Of this 20 -25%production around 48 to 50% are exported to EU Countries, Bangladesh is trying to increase production and exports to the EU up to the maximum capacity of those plants.

The EU is the company's main customer with 60% of sales, followed by Japan with 30% then the USA and others at 10%. Around 50% of APT's production is exported. One-third of these go to the European Union, South Korea is the second market followed by Japan, China, Russia and other Asian countries.
Exportable Products of Fishery Sector:
The private Organization and the Public Sector Corporation offer the following products for export:
1) Frozen Shrimp & Prawn
2) Frozen Fish
3) Fresh & chilled Fish
4) Frozen Fillets & Steaks of Fish, sharks Shells Skates & Rays
5) Shark Fins & Fish Maws
6) Salted & dehydrated Fish
7) Dry Fish
8) Live Crabs & Tortoises
9) Fish meals & Crushed
10) Value Added Shrimp & Fish Products.
Production Reflection
A. Frozen Shrimp & Prawn:
i) Name of the Products :
  • Fresh water headless
  • Shall on tail on
  • Sea Water headless shell
  • Peeled and Deveined
  • Broken Products of Prawns and Shrimps in Block Frozen
  • Cooked & Semi Cooked.
B. Frozen Sea Water and Fresh Water Fish:
i)Sea Water FishPrompfrets, Jewfish, Indian Salmon, Shad, Catfish, Ribbonfish, Mullet, Tena, Mackerel, Cock-up, Red Snapper etc. Are processed in whole, headless, belly clean (IQF) state or sliced/fillets/steak in Block Frozen state.
ii)Sea Water FishCarps, Common Carps, Snake-Heads, Barbs Shad, Eel, Mullets etc. The large fishes are processed whole headless, belly clean (IQF) state of sliced/filets/steaks and small fishes and processed in whole block frozen state.
Some Basic Information on Frozen Foods Industry:
1.No. of Fish Processing Plants149
2.Plants Licensed by the GOB88
3.Fish Processing Plants Approved by the EU74
4.Quantity of Frozen Foods Exported in 2010-2011179.94 million pounds (approx)
5.Shrimp Exported in 20107- 2011144.80 millions ( Lbs)
6.Fish Exported in 2010-2011144.80 millions ( Lbs)
7.Processing Capacity in the Total Plants3,00,000 m. tons
8.Export Earnings from Shrimp 2010-2011Tk.3400.69 Crore (477.83 million US$)
9.Export Earnings from Fish 2010-2011Tk. 950.33 Crore (133.53 million US$)
10.No. of Shrimp Hatchery 130
11.Production of Shrimp Fry1200-1500 Crore
12.Shrimp Cultured Land1,70,000 Hectare
13.Unutilized Land for Shrimp Culture1,00,000 Hectare for Brackish Water Shrimp.
Shrimp Culture
  • Shrimp culture in the greater part of the farming area is done in traditional and annual yield is 160-230 kg/ha.
  • Total Shrimp farming area 2, 18, 00 ha (2005-06) Marine shrimp 1, 70,000 ha and freshwater shrimp 48,000 ha.
  • Districts involved: 20. Upazilas: 52
  • On the basis of stocking rate, feed supply and some other management, shrimp culture practice in Bangladesh can be divided into three categories (1) traditional extensive;(ii) traditional improved and (iii) semi-intensive system.
  • The semi-intensive method requires good management practices which include heavy feeding, removed of farm waste, water exchange, installation of aeration system and high stocking density (5-10PLs/m2). The annual yield is 500-5,000 kg/ha (head on) with an average of 2,000 kg/ha.
  • Hatchery
  • The bagda hatchery sector has expanded rapidly over the last few years.
  • The country's 60 hatcheries produce about 5.0 billion shrimp larvae, which are enough to meet the target of production by 2008.
  • Fresh water prawn: 80 mostly small. This has resulted in a growing focus on sustainability in the production sector with increased emphasis on hatchery production of shrimp post larvae for seeding the ponds, rather than harvesting from natural stocks.
  • Feed Quality
  • The success of aquaculture is largely depends on supplementary feeds.
  • There is a shortage of supplemental shrimp feed in Bangladesh.
  • At present, there are about 55 feed mills are in operation and 20 more in pipeline. Most of them are producing both poultry and fish feeds where only 10 feed mills exclusively producing fish and shrimp feeds.
  • The major ingredients used for shrimp and prawn feeds are fish meal, dry fish, dry trash fish, soybean meal deoiled full fat, wheat flower, yeast meal, squid oil, squid liver meal, oyster shell meal, soybean lecithin and different types of binders which are prohibitively expensive.
  • Shrimp feeds, usually with a poor shelf-life are supplied at the farm level, leading to adverse effects on shrimp farming.
  • Shrimp Processing and Export
  • Shrimp are grown primarily for the international market and although Bangladesh contribution is small in terms of its share of the international market (i.e. 2-3% of world production of farmed shrimp)
  • It is the 12th largest cultured shrimp producer in the world.
  • There are 145 fish processing plants in the country of which 78 plants are GOB licensed.
  • Annual production capacity of the 78 plants is more than 2, 60,000 MT.
  • But due to scarcity of raw materials those plants run at about 15-18% of their installed capacity.
  • Out of 78 plants, 67 plants are European Commission approved and 42 Plants are USFDA Green ticketed.
  • HACCP has already been introduced in most fish processing establishments.
  • Traceability system is going to be launched fully by 2010 in each step of shrimp producing processing and export.
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